Aren't those the same worms that you might have to treat your pets or livestock for?
According to my sources, this particular genus/species of worm is found only in humans. Critters no doubt have their own 'pinworms' that like they, but this one is for big brained bipeds only.
About tapeworms, back in the 1800s they were advertised as the magical weight loss solution
Indeed they were, dukman. And what a great segue...TAPEWORMSScientific Name: Taenia __________
(various species within the genus Taenia
)What is it?:
Common name applied to any of the parasitic cestode worms in the noted genus. These intestinal parasites of vertebrate animals are flattened worms ranging in lenght ofrm about 1/2 inch to over 30 feet
. The adult tapeworm is characterized by the presence of a head (or scolex
) equipped with suckers and hooks for attaching to the intestinal lining of a host. Body segments (or proglottids
) are created asexually from the scolex and make up the bulk of the worm. Distal proglottids break off from the main body when mature, and are passed out of the host via feces. Each proglottid contains numerous eggs, each containing an embryonic tapeworm.
If a living proglottid is ingested by another primary host, the proglottid generates a new scolex and the tapeworm resumes it's growth cycle. If tapeworm eggs
are ingested (often through fecal contaminated water), they hatch in the intestinal tract and release larvae which burrow into the tissues of the host and form cysts (cysts bearing hosts are called intermediate
hosts, and are usually pigs or cattle for worms that infest humans). The location of cyst formation is often specific to the species of tapeworm - - T. echinococcus
attacks the liver of humans and dogs, for example, while T. coenurus
forms cysts in the brain of sheep (causing the disease known as 'gid' or 'staggers'). When larvae are then ingested by a host (usually encysted in the undercooked meat of the intermediate host) they are stimulated by the gastric juice to develop into adult tapeworms.What does it look like?:
So glad you asked...Mature TapewormTapeworm Closeup - SclolexWhat does it do?:
If you have an intestinal infection, you might not notice at all - - intestinal infestations are relatively benign. Symptoms might include nausea, weight loss, diarrhea or other types of intestinal discomfort. If you have a cystic infection, however, symptoms can be severe, even deadly. Migrating larvae that form cysts in organs such as the brain, liver, etc. will cause symptoms ranging from massive internal infection to fatal disruption of organ function.YUK!! Is it Contagious?!:
Yes. Infestations are more common where hygiene is poor or humans live in close proximity to livestock.How do I know if I have them?:
You may notice infection by checking your stool for parts of the adult tapeworm, but it's likely you'll need your doctor to check your stool or send samples to a laboratory for testing. A laboratory may use microscopic identification techniques to check for eggs or tapeworm segments in your feces. The lab may need to collect two to three samples over a period of time to detect the parasite, since eggs and tapeworm segments are released irregularly into the stool.
For tissue-invasive infections, your doctor may also test your blood for antibodies your body may have produced to fight tapeworm infection. The presence of these antibodies indicates tapeworm infestation. Certain types of imaging, such as CT or MRI scans, also may be used for diagnosis.How do I keep from Getting Them?:
The good news is that you can help prevent tapeworm infection with good personal hygiene, such as washing your hands before eating, and avoiding eating raw or undercooked meats. Keeping drinking water sources from being contaminated with fecal matter will prevent ingestion of eggs via this source. Wash fruits and vegetables with clean water prior to eating them if you aren't going to cook them. How are they treated pre-PAW:
The most common treatment for tapeworm infection involves oral medications that are toxic to the tapeworm. These drugs include praziquantel (Biltricide) or albendazole (Albenza). The medication prescribed depends on the species of organism and site of infection involved, and generally work by dissolving or otherwise attacking the adult tapeworm.
In cases in which the tapeworm infection has migrated to tissues outside your intestine, your doctor may prescribe an anti-inflammatory steroid to reduce any swelling caused by the development of cysts.
Surgery may be required to remove cysts that have developed in your liver, lungs or other organs, and organ transplantation may be your only option.Can I treat them in the PAW?:
Prevention is the key to avoiding this infection - - the 'home remedies' I found seem pretty odd. Still, in the spirit of full disclosure...
Drinking coconut milk 2X day for 20 days will expell the worm.
Take a bath in milk (?) - - the worm will self expel, attracted by the milk.
Add large amounts of garlic, cloves, carrots, or pumpkin seedsZS Thread with Additional Information:
None found as of the date of this post.Other sites with information?:http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/tapeworm/DS00659http://www.natural-homeremedies.org/blo ... festation/